Author Guidelines

A. Paper Submission

Authors will be required to submit, MS-Word compatible (.doc, .docx), papers electronically or

If you find difficulties in online submission, forward your doc file to 

Once the paper is uploaded successfully, our Editorial office staff assigns a Unique Paper ID, acknowledges it on the screen and also sends an acknowledgment email to the author at her/his registered email ID. The authors must quote /refer the paper ID in all future correspondences.

Please prepare your manuscript before submission, using the IJASRE Template with the following paper classification:

  • Research paper
  • Case study
  • Literature review
  • Short Communication

The paper should be written in English, a maximum of 20 pages. It must contain abstract, not longer than 500 words. After the abstract, a maximum of 5 or 6 keywords should be presented. The research methodology should be clearly described under a separate heading. The information about the author, 50 words maximum, might be given at the end of the article and the author’s photograph can be enclosed too.

B. Paper Format and Page Layout

While preparing and formatting papers, authors must conform to the under-mentioned MS-Word (.doc, .docx) format:-

  • All manuscripts must be in English and in MS-Word (.doc, .docx) format

C. Structure of Paper

These guidelines for research papers are flexible, especially for case studies. The manuscript is to be arranged in the following order:

  1. Title, author(s), and complete name(s) of institution(s)
  2. Contact no & valid Email address
  3. Abstract
  4. Keywords
  5. Introduction
  6. Literature Survey
  7. Problem definition or experimental work
  8. Results and Discussion
  9. Conclusion



Manuscript Preparation:

To structure your manuscript, please follow the guidelines. To structure your manuscript, please try to restrict yourself to a maximum of three levels of headlines.

Title page:

The title page has to contain the name(s) of all author(s) and their complete mailing addresses with the corresponding author marked clearly. Please use an extra page for the title page.

Abstract: Articles must include an Abstract of 250 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. The abstract should not repeat the information which is already present in the title. References should be avoided.

Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 to 6 keywords.

Text: The paper must be divided into sections and subheadings starting preferably with Introduction and ending with Conclusion followed by Acknowledgement.

All papers cited in the text, tables, and figures must be included in the references and all papers cited in the references section should be cited in the text. The authors should monitor references at all phases of manuscript preparation.  In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like a and b after the date to distinguish the works.

Introduction: The introduction should introduce the research problem that the study was designed to address and its significance. It should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. What gap is the current study designed to fill? In other words, the introduction should provide the information for the reader that he/she will need in order to understand and appreciate the science you will report on later in the article.


A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research that you can later apply to your paper, thesis, or dissertation topic.

Research Objectives:

Research objectives describe what you intend your research project to accomplish. They summarize the approach and purpose of the project and help to focus your research.

Research Methodology

This should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited and the relevant literature should be provided in the citation. The important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer(s) name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail. All the data should be applied with statistics Experimental / Research work. If the manuscript reports on work conducted on vertebrate animals, the appropriate institutional approval number should be listed in this section of the text.

 The results and discussion:

This should describe the observations with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the Results: author’s experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. The data should be arranged in a unified and coherent sequence so that the report is developed clearly and logically. The same data should not be presented both in tabular and graphic forms, which should be numerically (Arabic numerals as 1, 2, etc.)  Cited in the text and interpreted. Only such tables and figures as are necessary should be given. Interpretation of the data should be taken up under discussion; in some cases, however, it may be desirable to combine the results and discussion in a single section. Whenever possible use figures rather than tables as it is much easier to see trends in a graphical presentation of data. If you do use figures and tables each of these must be titled descriptively.

Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section.

Discussion: The discussion should interpret the significance of the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Conclusion:  State the significance of the results in the conclusion in a few sentences at the end of the paper.

Conflict of Interest Statement: Authors must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with the organization that sponsored the research.

This section is used to acknowledge the contributions of institution authorities who provided the facilities to carry out the research work or

Acknowledgment:  This section is used to acknowledge the contributions of institution authorities/funding agencies who provided the facilities to carry out the research work.


In the Referencing:


Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers in square brackets and it is in line with the text. 

Some examples:

  • Abdul Kareem, Y. A et. al., stressed that the growth of a nation and its development status is generally determined by the quality of its infrastructure and construction projects [1].
  • According to Albert,Negotiation research spans many disciplines [2].
  • This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman [3].
  • This effect has been widely studied [4-5,].
  • The number originally assigned to a reference should be re-used if that reference is cited again later in the text [3, 6-8].
  • In case of multiple references, separate the numbers with a hyphen. E.g. 2-5, or commas in case of non-inclusive numbers E.g. 3, 9, 14.
  • As a general rule, reference numbers should be placed inside of full-stops and commas, and inside of colons and semicolons [10]..

b. Reference List

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication.

  1. References should be listed in the increasing order in which they appear in the manuscript text (cited by numbers), not in alphabetical order.
  1. References which are cited in the text should be mentioned here.
  2. It should appear at the end of your text.
  3. It should be arranged numerically by citation number.
  4. The references are to be cited in the manuscript in the order 1 to last reference paper.
  5. If available, please always include DOIs as full DOI links in your reference list (e.g. “”).

 Referencing journal articles

  • Elements of the Citation: Author(s) – Family name and initials. “Title of article”. Title of journal –abbreviated. ISSN Number, vol. no. Publication month, year; pages, DOI

Matthew N. O. Sadiku, Guddi K. Suman, and Sarhan M. Musa. “Artificial Intelligence in Materials Science”. International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering (IJASRE), ISSN:2454-8006, vol. 7, no. 8, Aug. 2021, pp. 77-81, doi:10.31695/IJASRE.2021.34057.


  • Geddes, K.O., Czapor, S.R., Labahn, G.: Algorithms for Computer Algebra. Kluwer, Boston (1992)

Book chapter

  • Broy, M.: Software engineering — from auxiliary to key technologies. In: Broy, M., Denert, E. (eds.) Software Pioneers, pp. 10–13. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)

Online document

  • Cartwright, J.: Big stars have weather too. IOP Publishing Physics Web. (2007). Accessed 26 June 2007

Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations